Simply Quran

Day 1 | Qaida Session 1 | Articulation Points of the Arabic Alphabet

Table of Contents

What is Tajweed?

  • To pronounce each letter from its correct articulation point, giving its right and due, considering the characteristics of the letters.

Why is Tajweed Important?

  • To protect the tongue from making mistakes in pronunciation when reading the Qur’an.
  • Allah SWT says in the Quran, “and recite the Quran ˹properly˺ in a measured way.” (Surah Muzzamil, Ayah 4)

What is the legal ruling for learning Tajweed?

  • This is an individual obligation (Farḍ ‘Ayn), for all Muslims (Men and Women) to apply the rules when reading and a collective obligation (Farḍ Kifāyah) to learn the theory of the rules.

Tajweed Includes:

1) Knowledge of the articulation points of the letters (Makhārij)

2) Knowledge of the characteristics of the letters (Ṣifāt)

3) Knowledge of the common mistakes (Akhṭā’)

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Makhārij al-Ḥurūf: Articulation points of the letters

  • They come from 17 exit points grouped in 5 locations.
  • The empty space in the mouth and throat (al-Jawf).
  • The Throat (al-Ḥalq)
  • The Tongue (al-Lisān)
  • The Lips (ash-Shafatān)
  • The Nasal Cavity (al-Khayshūm)

     a) Al Jawf (Empty Space In The Throat)

  • ( ا,و,ي) This one articulation point is for the 3 letters of elongation.

       b) Al Halq (The Throat)

  • There are 3 articulation points for the following 6 letters: (خ , غ , ح , ع , ه , أ)

Al Halq is further divided into categories:

  • Aqṣā al-Ḥalq

    The back, deepest part of the throat, furthest from the mouth

  • (ه , أ) Two letters are articulated here.

Wasaṭ al-Ḥalq:

  • Middle of the throat
  • ح , ع Two letters are articulated from here.

Adnā al-Ḥalq

  • Front of the throat, the closest to the mouth.
  • خ , غ Two letters are articulated from here

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The Tongue (Al Lisaan)

The tongue (Al Lisaan) is categorized into:

     1) Aqṣā al-Lisān

  • The back/deepest part of the tongue meets the upper palate.
  • Two letters are articulated from here ك ق

     2) Wasaṭ al-Ḥalq

  • The middle of the tongue meets the upper palate
  • ي ش ج Three letters are articulated from here

3) Ḥāffat al-Lisān

  • The side/Edge of the tongue meets certain teeth
  • ض ل Two articulation points for 2 letters from here

4) Ṭaraf al-Lisān

  • Tip of the tongue
  • Five articulation points for 11 letters from here

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The Lips (ash-Shafatān)

  • ف The lower lip meets with the front upper teeth

  • و Forming a circle with the lips without them meeting completely.

  • م Pressing the lips together and using the nasal passage

  • ب  Pressing the lips firmly together (stronger than the meem)

 

Click Here To Watch The Recording Of Qaida Session, Class 1

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